易哈佛 \ GAMT \ 2014年GAMT考试模拟卷

2014年GAMT考试模拟卷

2014年GAMT考试模拟卷

  • 本卷共分为1大题50小题,作答时间为180分钟,总分100分,60分及格。
  • 试卷来源:易哈佛

一、单项选择题(共50题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,只有一个最符合题意)

1.Mr. Janeck: I don’t believe Stevenson will win the election for governor. Few voters are willing to elect a businessman with no political experience to such a responsible public office.Ms. Siuzdak: You’re wrong. The experience of running a major corporation is a valuable preparation for the task of running a state government.M. Siuzdak’s response shows that she has interpreted Mr. Janeck’s remark to imply which of the following?

A:Mr. Janeck considers Stevenson unqualified for the office of governor.
B:No candidate without political experience has ever been elected governor of a state.
C:Mr. Janeck believes that political leadership and business leadership are closely analogous.
D:A career spent in the pursuit of profit can be an impediment to one’s ability to run a state government fairly.
E:Voters generally overestimate the value of political experience when selecting a candidate.

2.Extinction is a process that can depend on a variety of ecological, geographical, and physiological variables. These variables affect different species of organisms in different ways, and should, therefore, yield a random pattern of extinctions. However, the fossil record shows that extinction occurs in a surprisingly definite pattern, with many species vanishing at the same time.Which of the following, if true, forms the best basis for at least a partial explanation of the patterned extinctions revealed by the fossil record?

A:Major episodes of extinction can result from widespread environmental disturbances that affect numerous different species.
B:Certain extinction episodes selectively affect organisms with particular sets of characteristics unique to their species.
C:Some species become extinct because of accumulated gradual changes in their local environments.
D:In geologically recent times, for which there is no fossil record, human intervention has changed the pattern of extinctions.
E:Species that are widely dispersed are the least likely to become extinct.

3.In many surveys, American consumers have expressed a willingness to spend up to 10 percent more for products that are ecologically sound. Encouraged by such surveys, Bleach-O Corporation promoted a new laundry detergent, Bleach-O Green, as safer for the environment. Bleach-O Green cost 5 percent more than typical detergents. After one year, Bleach-O Green had failed to capture a significant share of the detergent market and was withdrawn from sale.Which of the following questions is LEAST likely to be relevant in determining the reasons for the failure of Bleach-O Green?

A:How effective as a detergent was Bleach-O Green?
B:How many other detergents on the market were promoted as safe for the environment?
C:How much more did Bleach-O Green cost to manufacture than ordinary detergents?
D:To what extent did consumers accept the validity of Bleach-O Green advertised and promoted to consumers?
E:How effectively was Bleach-O Green advertised and promoted to consumers?

4.Insurance Company X is considering issuing a new policy to cover services required by elderly people who suffer from diseases that afflict the elderly. Premiums for the policy must be low enough to attract customers. Therefore, Company X is concerned that the income from the policies would not be sufficient to pay for the claims that would be made.Which of the following strategies would be most likely to minimize Company X’s losses on the policies?

A:Attracting middle-aged customers unlikely to submit claims for benefits for many years
B:Insuring only those individuals who did not suffer any serious diseases as children
C:Including a greater number of services in the policy than are included in other policies of lower cost
D:Insuring only those individuals who were rejected by other companies for similar policies
E:Insuring only those individuals who are wealthy enough to pay for the medical services

5.A conservation group in the United States is trying to change the long-standing image of bats as frightening creatures. The group contends that bats are feared and persecuted solely because they are shy animals that are active only at night.Which of the following, if true, would cast the most serious doubt on the accuracy of the group’s contention?

A:Bats are steadily losing natural roosting places such as caves and hollow trees and are thus turning to more developed areas for roosting.
B:Bats are the chief consumers of nocturnal insects and thus can help make their hunting territory more pleasant for humans.
C:Bats are regarded as frightening creatures not only in the United States but also in Europe, Africa, and South America.
D:Raccoons and owls are shy and active only at night; yet they are not generally feared and persecuted.
E:People know more about the behavior of other greatly feared animal species, such as lions, alligators, and snakes, than they do about the behavior of bats.

7.Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, investigators should find out why the error was made by analyzing airplane design, airline management, and pilot-training programs. For only then can changes be made to ensure that the same type of error does not recur and cause another accident.Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?

A:Pilot error is not a contributing factor in most airline accidents.
B:Airline companies themselves should be the agents who investigate airline accidents.
C:Stricter government regulation of airline companies will make air travel significantly safer.
D:Investigators of airline accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.
E:Most pilots who make errors in flying will repeat their errors unless they are retrained.

8.We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties. It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties. But it is worth noting that no independent or third-party candidate has won any important election in recent years, and in the last nationwide campaign, the two major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidates and platforms. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.Which of the following is an assumption made in the argument above?

A:The amount of money raised and spent by a political party is one valid criterion for judging the influence of the party.
B:A significant increase in the number of third-party candidates would be evidence of a decline in the importance of the two major parties.
C:The two-party system has contributed significantly to the stability of the American political structure.
D:The mass media tend to favor an independent or third-party candidate over a candidate from one of the two major parties
E:The mass media are relatively unimportant in deciding the outcome of most elections.

9.Opponents of laws that require automobile drivers and passengers to wear seat belts argue that in a free society people have the right to take risks as long as the people do not harm others as a result of taking the risks. As a result, they conclude that it should be each person’s decision whether or not to wear a seat belt.Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the conclusion drawn above?

A:Many new cars are built with seat belts that automatically fasten when someone sits in the front seat.
B:Automobile insurance rates for all automobile owners are higher because of the need to pay for the increased injuries or deaths of people not wearing seat belts.
C:Passengers in airplanes are required to wear seat belts during takeoffs and landings.
D:The rate of automobile fatalities in states that do not have mandatory seat-belt laws is greater than the rate of fatalities in states that do have such laws.
E:In automobile accidents, a greater number of passengers who do not wear seat belts are injured than are passengers who do wear seat belts.

10.A violin constructed to have improved sound would sound different from the best-sounding existing violins.To professional violinists, a violin that sounds different from the best-sounding existing violins sounds less like a violin and therefore worse than the best-sounding existing violins.Professional violinists are the only accepted judges of the sound quality of violins.Would be the best supported by those statements?

A:Only amateur violinists should be asked to judge the sound quality of newly constructed violins.
B:Professional violinists supervise the construction of violins.
C:The best-sounding existing violins have been in existence fro several centuries.
D:It is currently impossible to construct a violin that the only accepted judges will evaluate as having improved sound
E:It is possible to construct a violin that sounds better than the best-sounding existing violins to everyone but professional violinists.

11.The earth’s resources are being depleted much too fast. To correct this, the United States must keep its resource consumption at present levels for many years to come.The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A:Per capita resource consumption in the United States is at an all-time high.
B:The United States wastes resources.
C:The United States uses more resources than any other country.
D:The United States imports most of the resources it uses.
E:Curbing U.S. resource consumption will significantly retard world resource depletion.

12.High levels of fertilizer and pesticides, needed when farmers try to produce high yield of the same crop year after year, pollute water supplies. Experts therefore urge farmers to diversify their crops and to rotate their plantings yearly.To receive governmental price-support benefits for a crop, farmers must have produced that same crop for the past several years.The statements above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?

A:The rules for governmental support of farm prices work against efforts to reduce water pollution.
B:The only solution to the problem of water pollution from fertilizers and pesticides is to take farmland out of production.
C:Farmers can continue to make a profit by rotating diverse crops, thus reducing costs for chemicals, but not by planting the same crop each year.
D:New farming techniques will be developed to make it possible for farmers to reduce the application of fertilizers and pesticides.
E:Governmental price supports for farm products are set at levels that are not high enough to allow farmers to get out of debt.

13.Black Americans are, on the whole, about twice as likely as White Americans to develop high blood pressure. This likelihood also holds for westernized Black Africans when compared to White Africans.Researchers have hypothesized that this predisposition in westernized Blacks may reflect an interaction between western high-salt diets and genes that adapted to an environmental scarcity of salt.Which of the following statements about present-day, westernized Black Africans, if true, would most tend to confirm the researchers’ hypothesis?

A:The blood pressures of those descended from peoples situated throughout their history in Senegal and Gambia, where salt was always available, are low.
B:The unusually high salt consumption in certain areas of Africa represents a serious health problem.
C:Because of their blood pressure levels, most White Africans have markedly decreased their salt consumption.
D:Blood pressures are low among the Yoruba, who, throughout their history, have been situated far inland from sources of sea salt and far south of Saharan salt mines.
E:No significant differences in salt metabolism have been found between those people who have had salt available throughout their history and those who have not.

14.We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties. It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties. But it is worth noting that no independent or third-party candidate has won any important election in recent years, and in the last nationwide campaign, the two major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidates and platforms. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A:The percentage of voters registered as independents is higher today than ever before.
B:In a recent presidential campaign, for the first time ever, an independent candidate was invited to appear in a televised debate with the major-party candidates.
C:Every current member of the U.S. Senate was elected as the candidate of one of the two major parties.
D:In a recent opinion poll, most voters stated that a candidate’s party affiliation was an insignificant factor in judging his or her fitness for office.
E:In the last four years, the outcome of several statewide elections has been determined by the strength of the third-party vote.

15.Contrary to the statements of labor leaders, the central economic problem facing America today is not the distribution of wealth. It is productivity. With the productivity of U.S. industry stagnant, or even declining slightly, the economic pie is no longer growing. Labor leaders, of course, point to what they consider an unfair distribution of the slices of pie to justify their demands for further increases in wages and benefits. And in the past, when the pie was still growing, management could afford to acquiesce. No longer. Until productivity resumes its growth, there can be no justification for further increases in the compensation of workers.Which of the following statements by a labor leader focuses on the logical weakness in the argument above?

A:Although the economic pie is no longer growing, the portion of the pie allocated to American workers remains unjustly small.
B:If management fails to accommodate the demands of workers, labor leaders will be forced to call strikes that will cripple the operation of industry.
C:Although productivity is stagnant, the U.S. population is growing, so that the absolute size of the economic pie continues to grow as well.
D:As a labor leader, I can be concerned only with the needs of working people, not with the problems faced by management
E:The stagnation of U.S. industry has been caused largely by factors—such as foreign competition—beyond the control of American workers.

16.The fact that several of the largest senior citizens’ organizations are constituted almost exclusively of middle-class elderly people has led critics to question the seriousness of those organizations’ commitment to speaking out on behalf of the needs of economically disadvantaged elderly people.Which of the following generalizations, if true, would help to substantiate the criticism implicit in the statement above?

A:The ideology of an organization tends reflect the traditional political climate of its locale.
B:The needs of disadvantaged elderly people differ in some ways from those of other disadvantaged groups within contemporary society.
C:Organized groups are better able to publicize their problems and seek redress than individuals acting alone.
D:Middle-class elderly people are more likely to join organizations than are economically disadvantaged elderly people
E:People usually join organizations whose purpose is to further the economic, political, or social interests of their members.

17.Now is an excellent time to invest in the catering business. A survey conducted by Weddings magazine found that 70 percent of the magazine’s readers want a catered wedding reception. An analysis of the catering industry, however, shows that the current number of caterers can serve only 55 percent of the weddings likely to occur each year.Which of the following, if true, reveals a weakness in the evidence cited above?

A:Catering is a highly labor-intensive business.
B:Caterers are not evenly distributed across the country.
C:The number of weddings with catered receptions has been growing each year for the past five years.
D:Readers of Weddings magazine are more likely than most people to want a catered reception.
E:Weddings magazine includes both articles about catered receptions and articles about preparing food oneself for one’s wedding reception.

19.Which of the following best completes the passage below?As long as savings deposits are insured by the government, depositors will have no incentive to evaluate the financial strength of a savings bank. Yield alone will influence their choice of bank. To attract deposits, banks will be forced to offer the highest possible interest rates. And since paying higher rates inevitably strains the financial strength of a bank,____

A:the government will be forced o impose limitations on interest rates
B:deposit insurance will ultimately lead to the financial weakening of many banks
C:savers will be forced to choose between deposit insurance and higher interest rates
D:deposits will tend to go to the banks with the greatest financial strength
E:bank profits will tend to rise to ever-higher levels

20.The following proposal to amend the bylaws of an organization was circulated to its members for comment.When more than one nominee is to be named for an office, prospective nominees must consent to nomination and before giving such consent must be told who the other nominees will be.Which of the following comments concerning the logic of the proposal is accurate if it cannot be known who the actual nominees are until prospective nominees have given their consent to be nominated?

A:The proposal would make it possible for each of several nominees for an office to be aware of who all of the other nominees are.
B:The proposal would widen the choice available to those choosing among the nominees.
C:If there are several prospective nominees, the proposal would deny the last nominee equal treatment with the first.
D:The proposal would enable a prospective nominee to withdraw from competition with a specific person without making that withdrawal known.
E:If there is more than one prospective nominee, the proposal would make it

21.A sociologist recently studied two sets of teenagers. The members of one set spent 10 or more hours per week watching violent television programs, and the members of the other set spent 2 hours or less per week watching violent television programs. A significantly greater proportion of the teenagers in the former group exhibited aggressive behavior during the period of the study. The sociologists reasoned that the prolonged exposure to television violence caused the aggressive behavior.Which of the following, if true, of the teenagers in the study, provides the strongest challenge to the sociologist’s conclusion?

A:Some teenagers who watched more than 10 hours of violent television programming per week behaved less aggressively than others in the same group of teenagers.
B:Some teenagers who watched 2 hours of violent television programming per week did not behave aggressively.
C:Some teenagers voluntarily stopped watching violent television programs after being victims of violence.
D:Some teenagers watched violent television programs alone, while others did so in groups.
E:Many of the teenagers in the first group exhibited aggressive behavior before the study began.

22.Since the passage of the state’s Clean Air Act ten years ago, the level of industrial pollutants in the air has fallen by an average of 18 percent. This suggests that the restrictions on industry embodied in the act have worked effectively. However, during the same period the state has also suffered through a period of economic decline. The number of businesses in the state has fallen by 10 percent, and the number of workers employed has fallen by 12 percent. It is probable that the business decline, rather than the regulations in the act, is responsible for at least half of the decline in the pollution. Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn in the passage above?

A:During the last ten years, economic conditions in the nation as a whole have been worse than those within the state.
B:Amendments to the Clean Air Act that were enacted six years ago have substantially strengthened its restrictions on industrial air pollution.
C:Of the businesses that ceased operating in the state during the last ten years, only 5 percent were engaged in air-polluting industries.
D:Several large corporations left the state during the last ten years partly in order to avoid compliance with the Clean Air Act.
E:Due to its small budget, the state office charged with enforcement of the Clean Air Act has prosecuted only two violators of the law since its passage.

23.The imposition of quotas limiting imported steel will not help the big American steel mills. In fact, the quotas will help “mini-mills” flourish in the United States. Those small domestic mills will take more business from the big American steel mills than would have been taken by the foreign steel mills in the absence of quotas.Which of the following, if true, would cast the most serious doubt on the claim made in the last sentence above?

A:Quality rather than price is a major factor in determining the type of steel to be used for a particular application.
B:Foreign steel mills have long produced grades of steel comparable in quality to the steel produced by the big American mills.
C:American quotas on imported goods have often induced other countries to impose similar quotas on American goods.
D:Domestic “mini-mills” consistently produce better grades of steel than do the big American mills.
E:Domestic “mini-mills” produce low-volume, specialized types of steels that are not produced by the big American steel mills.

24.Fact 1: Television advertising is becoming less effective: the proportion of brand names promoted on television that viewers of the advertising can recall is slowly decreasing.Fact 2: Television viewers recall commercials aired first or last in a cluster of consecutive commercials far better thanthey recall commercials aired somewhere in the middle.Fact 2 would be most likely to contribute to an explanation of fact 1 if which of the following were also true?

A:The average television viewer currently recalls fewer than half the brand names promoted in commercials he or she saw.
B:The total time allotted to the average cluster of consecutive television commercials is decreasing.
C:The average number of hours per day that people spend watching television is decreasing.
D:The average number of clusters of consecutive commercials per hour of television is increasing.
E:The average number of television commercials in a cluster of consecutive commercials is increasing.

25.The earth’s resources are being depleted much too fast. To correct this, the United States must keep its resource consumption at present levels for many years to come.Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A:New resource deposits are constantly being discovered.
B:The United States consumes one-third of all resources used in the world.
C:Other countries need economic development more than the United States does.
D:Other countries have agreed to hold their resource consumption at present levels.
E:The United States has been conserving resources for several years.

26.Seven countries signed a treaty binding each of them to perform specified actions on a certain fixed date, with the actions of each conditional on simultaneous action taken by the other countries. Each country was also to notify the six other countries when it had completed its action.The simultaneous-action provision of the treaty leaves open the possibility that

A:the compliance date was subject to postponement, according to the terms of the treaty
B:one of the countries might not be required to make any changes or take any steps in order to comply with the treaty, whereas all the other countries are so required
C:each country might have a well-founded excuse, based on the provision, for its own lack of compliance
D:the treaty specified that the signal for one of the countries to initiate action was notification by the other countries that they had completed action
E:there was ambiguity with respect to the date after which all actions contemplated in the treaty are to be complete

27.The burden of maintaining the U.S. highway system falls disproportionately on the trucking industry. Trucks represent only about 10 percent of the vehicles on U.S. roads. Yet road use taxes assessed on trucks amount to almost half the taxes paid for highway upkeep and repair.Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above?

A:The trucking industry has enjoyed record after-tax profits in three of the past four years.
B:Because of their weight, trucks cause over 50 percent of the damage sustained by highway surfaces each year.
C:Without an economically viable trucking industry, the cost of goods in the United States would rise significantly.
D:Road use taxes paid by trucking companies have decreased by 3 percent over the past five years.
E:Due to years of neglect, U.S. highways today are badly in need of major repairs and rebuilding.

28.If the airspace around centrally located airports were restricted to commercial airliners and only those private planes equipped with radar, most of the private-plane traffic would be forced to use outlying airfields. Such a reduction in the amount of private-plane traffic would reduce the risk of midair collision around the centrally located airports.Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion drawn in the second sentence?

A:Commercial airliners are already required by law to be equipped with extremely sophisticated radar systems.
B:Centrally located airports are experiencing over-crowded airspace primarily because of sharp increases in commercial-airline traffic.
C:Many pilots of private planes would rather buy radar equipment than be excluded from centrally located airports.
D:The number of midair collisions that occur near centrally located airports has decreased in recent years.
E:Private planes not equipped with radar systems cause a disproportionately large number of midair collisions around centrally located airports.

29.Of those person who became teachers in 1968 and who later left the profession, 30 percent today earn salaries above $35,000 a year: of those who became teachers in 1968 and have remained in the profession, only 15 percent today earn salaries above $35,000 a year. These figures indicate how underpaid teachers are today.The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions about the persons for whom statistics are cited?

A:At least one-third of the group of persons who have remained in teaching would today be earning more than $35,000 a year if they had left teaching.
B:The group of persons who left teaching and the group who did not are comparable in terms of factors that determine how much people outside the teaching profession are paid.
C:Most of those persons who left teaching did so entirely because of the low salaries teachers earn.
D:As a group, those persons who have remained in teaching are abler and more dedicated than the group of persons who left teaching..
E:The group of persons who left teaching and who today earn more than $35,000 a year were more capable teachers than the group who remained in the profession

30.In the industrialized nations, the last century has witnessed a shortening of the average workday from twelve hours or longer to less than eight hours. Mindful of this enormous increase in leisure time over the past century, many people assume that the same trend has obtained throughout history, and that, therefore, prehistoric humans must have labored incessantly for their very survival.We cannot, of course, directly test this assumption. However, a study of primitive peoples of today suggests a different conclusion. The Mbuti of central Africa, for instance, spend only a few hours each day in hunting, gathering, and tending to other economic necessities. The rest of their time is spent as they choose. The implication is that the short workday is not peculiar to industrialized societies. Rather, both the extended workday of 1880 and the shorter workday of today are products of different stages of the continuing process of industrialization.Which of the following, if true, would most greatly strengthen the ar

A:In recent decades, the economy of the Mbuti has been markedly affected by the encroachment of modern civilization.
B:The life-style of the Mbuti is similar to that of prehistoric humans.
C:The Mbuti have no words in their language to express the distinction between work activities and leisure activities.
D:The workday of a European peasant in medieval times averaged between eleven and fifteen hours.
E:The members of the Shaklik tribe in central Asia have an average workday of ten to twelve hours.

31.Banning cigarette advertisements in the mass media will not reduce the number of young people who smoke. They know that cigarettes exist and they know how to get them. They do not need the advertisements to supply that information.The above argument would be most weakened if which of the following were true?

A:Seeing or hearing an advertisement for a product tends to increase people’s desire for that product.
B:Banning cigarette advertisements in the mass media will cause an increase in advertisements in places where cigarettes are sold.
C:Advertisements in the mass media have been an exceedingly large part of the expenditures of the tobacco companies.
D:Those who oppose cigarette use have advertised against it in the mass media ever since cigarettes were found to be harmful.
E:Older people tend to be less influenced by mass-media advertisements than younger people tend to be.

32.Don’s, a chain of supermarkets, has entered into an agreement in which Rose Computers will sell Don’s an unlimited number of its least expensive PC’s at one-fourth the regular wholesale price. In return, Don’s has agreed to purchase all of its scanners and other electronic information-processing equipment from Rose or from Omicron, Rose Computers’ parent company, for the next ten years. Don’s will offer a Rose PC free to any school that turns in Don’s register receipts totaling $100,000 within the next six months. The vice-president in charge of advertising for Don’s expects that the computer giveaway will obviate the need for a massive new advertising campaign for the next six months and that Don’s can make up the expenditures for the PC’s by writing them off its income taxes as charitable donations.The plans formulated by Don’s assume each of the following EXCEPT:

A:The prices that Rose or Omicron charges Don’s for information-processing equipment over the next ten years will be lower than those charged by other companies.
B:The tax laws will not be changed to exclude or lessen the value of charitable donations as tax write-offs.
C:Schools will be sufficiently attracted by Don’s computer giveaway offer that teachers will urge students to shop at Don’s.
D:Rose will be able to supply Don’s with a sufficient number of PC’s to meet the demand generated by schools that collect Don’s receipts totaling $100,000.
E:The effect of the computer giveaway offer on Don’s business will be comparable to that of a major advertising campaign.

33.People living in the undeveloped wilderness area want jobs, and commercial development of the area will create jobs. But if the new commercial development plan is carried out, the wilderness will suffer. Thus the board considering the area’s future must choose between the preservation of the wilderness and the wishes of the local people.The answer to which of the following questions would be LEAST relevant to evaluating whether the board indeed faces the choice the author says it faces?

A:Could commercial development be carried out under an alternative plan without damaging the wilderness?
B:Would commercial development of the wilderness area significantly benefit people living elsewhere?
C:Would the jobs created by the new development plan be filled by the local people?
D:Do local people support or oppose commercial development of the wilderness area?
E:Can job be provided without commercial development of the wilderness area?

34.In tests for pironoma, a serious disease, a false positive result indicates that people have pironoma when, in fact, they do not; a false negative result indicates that people do not have pironoma when, in fact, they do. To detect pironoma most accurately, physicians should use the laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results.Which of the following, if true, gives the most support to the recommendation above?

A:The accepted treatment for pironoma does not have damaging side effects.
B:The laboratory test that has the lowest proportion of false positive results causes the same minor side effects as do the other laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
C:In treating pironoma patients, it is essential to begin treatment as early as possible, since even a week of delay can result in loss of life.
D:The proportion of inconclusive test results is equal for all laboratory tests used to detect pironoma.
E:All laboratory tests to detect pironoma have the same proportion of false negative results.

35.In recent years many cabinetmakers have been winning acclaim as artists. But since furniture must be useful, cabinetmakers must exercise their craft with an eye to the practical utility of their product. For this reason, cabinetmaking is not art.Which of the following is an assumption that supports drawing the conclusion above from the reason given for that conclusion?

A:Some furniture is made to be placed in museums, where it will not be used by anyone.
B:Some cabinetmakers are more concerned than others with the practical utility of the products they produce.
C:Cabinetmakers should be more concerned with the practical utility of their products than they currently are.
D:An object is not an art object if its maker pays attention to the object’s practical utility.
E:Artists are not concerned with the monetary value of their products.

36.Most consumers do not get much use out of the sports equipment they purchase. For example, seventeen percent of the adults in the United States own jogging shoes, but only forty-five percent of the owners jog more than once a year, and only seventeen percent jog more than once a week.Which of the following, if true, casts most doubt on the claim that most consumers get little use out of the sports equipment they purchase?

A:Joggers are most susceptible to sports injuries during the first six months in which they jog.
B:Joggers often exaggerate the frequency with which they jog in surveys designed to elicit such information.
C:Many consumers purchase jogging shoes for use in activities other than jogging.
D:Consumers who take up jogging often purchase an athletic shoe that can be used in other sports.
E:Joggers who jog more than once a week are often active participants in other sports as well.

37.The price the government pays for standard weapons purchased from military contractors is determined by a pricing method called “historical costing.” Historical costing allows contractors to protect their profits by adding a percentage increase, based on the current rate of inflation, to the previous year’s contractual price.Which of the following statements, if true, is the best basis for a criticism of historical costing as an economically sound pricing method for military contracts?

A:The government might continue to pay for past inefficient use of funds.
B:The rate of inflation has varied considerably over the past twenty years.
C:The contractual price will be greatly affected by the cost of materials used for the products.
D:Many taxpayers question the amount of money the government spends on military contracts.
E:The pricing method based on historical costing might not encourage the development of innovative weapons

38.The average life expectancy for the United States population as a whole is 73.9 years, but children born in Hawaii will live an average of 77 years, and those born in Louisiana, 71.7 years. If a newlywed couple from Louisiana were to begin their family in Hawaii, therefore, their children would be expected to live longer than would be the case if the family remained in Louisiana.Which of the following statements, if true, would most significantly strengthen the conclusion drawn in the passage?

A:As population density increases in Hawaii, life expectancy figures for that state are likely to be revised downward.
B:Environmental factors tending to favor longevity are abundant in Hawaii and less numerous in Louisiana.
C:Twenty-five percent of all Louisianians who move to Hawaii live longer than 77 years.
D:Over the last decade, average life expectancy has risen at a higher rate for Louisianians than for Hawaiians.
E:Studies show that the average life expectancy for Hawaiians who move permanently to Louisiana is roughly equal to that of Hawaiians who remain in Hawaii.

40.With Proposition 13, if you bought your house 11 years ago for $75,000, your property tax would be approximately $914 a year (1 percent of $75,000 increased by 2 percent each year for 11 years); and if your neighbor bought an identical house next door to you for $200,000 this year, his tax would be $2,000 (1 percent of $200,000). Without Proposition 13, both you and your neighbor would pay $6,000 a year in property taxes (3 percent of $200,000).Which of the following is the conclusion for which the author most likely is arguing in the passage above?

A:Proposition 13 is unconstitutional because it imposes an unequal tax on properties of equal value.
B:If Proposition 13 is repealed, every homeowner is likely to experience a substantial increase in property taxes.
C:By preventing inflation from driving up property values, Proposition 13 has saved homeowners thousands of dollars in property taxes.
D:If Proposition 13 is not repealed, identical properties will continue to be taxed at different rates.
E:Proposition 13 has benefited some homeowners more than others

41.If A, then If B, then If C, then If all of the statements above are true, which of the following must also be true?

A:If D, then
B:If not B, then not
C:If not D, then not
D:If D, then
E:If not A, then not

42.Mr. Lawson: We should adopt a national family policy that includes legislation requiring employers to provide paid parental leave and establishing government-sponsored day care. Such laws would decrease the stress levels of employees who have responsibility for small children. Thus, such laws would lead to happier, better-adjusted families.Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the conclusion above?

A:An employee’s high stress level can be a cause of unhappiness and poor adjustment for his or her family.
B:People who have responsibility for small children and who work outside the home have higher stress levels than those who do not.
C:The goal of a national family policy is to lower the stress levels of parents.
D:Any national family policy that is adopted would include legislation requiring employers to provide paid parental leave and establishing government-sponsored day care.
E:Most children who have been cared for in daycare centers are happy and well adjusted.

43.When people predict that certain result will not take place unless a certain action is taken, they believe that they have learned that the prediction is correct when the action is taken and the result occurs. On reflection, however, it often becomes clear that the result admits of more than one interpretation.Which of the following, if true, best supports the claims above?

A:Judging the success of an action requires specifying the goal of the action.
B:Judging which action to take after a prediction is made requires knowing about other actions that have been successful in similar past situations.
C:Learning whether a certain predictive strategy is good requires knowing the result using that strategy through several trials.
D:Distinguishing a correct prediction and effective action from an incorrect prediction and ineffective action is often impossible.
E:Making a successful prediction requires knowing the facts about the context of that prediction.

45.While Governor Verdant has been in office, the state’s budget has increased by an average of 6 percent each year. While the previous governor was in office, the state’s budget increased by an average of 11.5 percent each year. Obviously, the austere budgets during Governor Verdant’s term have caused the slowdown in the growth in state spending.Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

A:The rate of inflation in the state averaged 10 percent each year during the previous governor’s term in office and 3 percent each year during Verdant’s term.
B:Both federal and state income tax rates have been lowered considerably during Verdant’s term in office.
C:In each year of Verdant’s term in office, the state’s budget has shown some increase in spending over the previous year.
D:During Verdant’s term in office, the state has either discontinued or begun to charge private citizens for numerous services that the state offered free to citizens during the previous governor’s term.
E:During the previous governor’s term in office, the state introduced several so-called “austerity” budgets intended to reduce the growth in state spending.

46.A researcher discovered that people who have low levels of immune-system activity tend to score much lower on tests of mental health than do people with normal or high immune-system activity. The researcher concluded from this experiment that the immune system protects against mental illness as well as against physical disease.The researcher’s conclusion depends on which of the following assumptions?

A:High immune-system activity protects against mental illness better than normal immune-system activity does.
B:Mental illness is similar to physical disease in its effects on body system.
C:People with high immune-system activity cannot develop mental illness.
D:Mental illness does not cause people’s immune-system activity to decrease.
E:Psychological treatment of mental illness is not as effective as is medical treatment.

47.In 1980, a Danish ten-?re coin minted in 1747 was sold at auction for $8,000. Eleanor Bixby owns another Danish ten-?re coin minted in 1747. When she puts it on the market next week, it will fetch a price over $18,000.Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the conclusion drawn above?

A:Since 1980, the average price for rare coins has increased by over 150 percent.
B:There are only four coins like the one in question in the entire world.
C:Since 1980, the consumer price index has risen by over 150 percent.
D:In 1986, a previously unknown cache of one hundred coins just like the one in question was found.(
E:Thirty prominent, wealthy coin collectors are expected to bid for Bixby’s coin.

48.Hardin argued that grazing land held in common (that is, open to any user) would always be used less carefully than private grazing land. Each rancher would be tempted to overuse common land because the benefits would accrue to the individual, while the costs of reduced land quality that results from overuse would be spread among all users. But a study comparing 217 million acres of common grazing land with 433 million acres of private grazing land showed that the common land was in better condition.Which of the following, if true, and known by the ranchers, would best help explain the results of the study?

A:With private grazing land, both the costs and the benefits of overuse fall to the individual user.
B:The cost in reduced land quality that is attributable to any individual user is less easily measured with common land than it is with private land.
C:An individual who overuses common grazing land might be able to achieve higher returns than other users can, with the result that he or she would obtain a competitive advantage.
D:If one user of common land overuses it even slightly, the other users are likely to do so even more, with the consequence that the costs to each user outweigh the benefits.
E:There are more acres of grazing land held privately than there are held in common.

49.Airline: Newly developed collision-avoidance systems, although not fully tested to discover potential malfunctions, must be installed immediately in passenger planes. Their mechanical warnings enable pilots to avoid crashes.Pilots: Pilots will not fly in planes with collision-avoidance systems that are not fully tested. Malfunctioning systems could mislead pilots, causing crashes.The pilots’ objection is most strengthened if which of the following is true?

A:It is always possible for mechanical devices to malfunction.
B:Jet engines, although not fully tested when first put into use, have achieved exemplary performance and safety records.
C:Although collision-avoidance systems will enable pilots to avoid some crashes, the likely malfunctions of the not-fully-tested systems will cause even more crashes.
D:Many airline collisions are caused in part by the exhaustion of overworked pilots.
E:Collision-avoidance systems, at this stage of development, appear to have worked better in passenger planes than in cargo planes during experimental flights made over a six-month period.

50.Studies of fatal automobile accidents reveal that, in the majority of cases in which one occupant of an automobile is killed while another survives, it is the passenger, not the driver, who is killed. It is ironic that the innocent passenger should suffer for the driver’s carelessness, while the driver often suffers only minor injuries or none at all.Which of the following is an assumption underlying the reasoning in the passage above?

A:In most fatal automobile accidents, the driver of a car in which an occupant is killed is at fault.
B:Drivers of automobiles are rarely killed in auto accidents.
C:Most deaths in fatal automobile accidents are suffered by occupants of cars rather than by pedestrians.
D:Auto safety experts should increase their efforts to provide protection for those in the passenger seats of automobiles.
E:Automobile passengers sometimes play a contributing role in causing auto accidents.

试卷来源:易哈佛

总分:100分

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