易哈佛 \ 在职攻读硕士联考 \ 2014年广东在职攻读硕士联考考试考前冲刺卷

2014年广东在职攻读硕士联考考试考前冲刺卷

2014年广东在职攻读硕士联考考试考前冲刺卷

  • 本卷共分为1大题50小题,作答时间为180分钟,总分100分,60分及格。
  • 试卷来源:易哈佛

一、单项选择题(共50题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,只有一个最符合题意)

1.人的行为,分为私人行为和社会行为,后者直接涉及他人和社会利益。有人提出这样的原则:对于官员来说,除了法规明文允许的以外,其余的社会行为都是禁止的;对于平民来说,除了法规明文禁止的以外,其余的社会行为都是允许的。 如果实施上述原则能对官员和平民的社会行为产生不同的约束力,则以下各项断定均不违反这一原则,除了

A.一个被允许或禁止的行为,不一定是法规明文允许或禁止的。
B.有些行为,允许平民实施,但禁止官员实施。
C.有些行为,允许官员实施,但禁止平民实施。
D.官员所实施的行为,如果法规明文允许,则允许平民实施。
E.官员所实施的行为,如果法规明文禁止,则禁止平民实施。

8.Besides active foreign enterprises and a (31) number of private employers, a consequential new development was the development of employment in state-owned enterprises (guanying or guanshang ). Started by some (32) Qing officials, the yangwupai, in the late nineteenth century, sizable state-owned enterprises developed primarily (33) enhancing China’s national defense. Famous industrial giants of today’s China such as the shipyards in Shanghai and heavy industries in cities like Wuhan, Nanjing, and Chongqing were built by the Qing or the Republic governments. Some of them later began to (34) considerable private investment. After World War Ⅱ, this type of stateowned employment became very important. Labor in those enterprises consisted basically (35) two tiers: a largely market-oriented allocation of blue-collar and some white-collar workers, and a mostly state allocation of most of the white-collar workers including managerial and technical personnel. The latter was a distorted labor market that featured strong (36) considerations in allocating and managing labor. Personal and kinship connections, the so-called "petticoat influence," and political (37) were the norm for this type of labor allocation pattern. In a way, it was midway between a rather crude market-oriented labor allocation pattern and the centuries-old, warm, family-based traditional labor allocation pattern. It covered a very small but important portion of the Chinese labor force, and thus (38) our attention. Later, it apparently provided the historical precedent (39) state-owned enterprises to allocate their administrative and technical cadres, even its entire industrial labor force, (40) state employees.

A.growing
B.grow
C.grown
D.grew

14.Besides active foreign enterprises and a (31) number of private employers, a consequential new development was the development of employment in state-owned enterprises (guanying or guanshang ). Started by some (32) Qing officials, the yangwupai, in the late nineteenth century, sizable state-owned enterprises developed primarily (33) enhancing China’s national defense. Famous industrial giants of today’s China such as the shipyards in Shanghai and heavy industries in cities like Wuhan, Nanjing, and Chongqing were built by the Qing or the Republic governments. Some of them later began to (34) considerable private investment. After World War Ⅱ, this type of stateowned employment became very important. Labor in those enterprises consisted basically (35) two tiers: a largely market-oriented allocation of blue-collar and some white-collar workers, and a mostly state allocation of most of the white-collar workers including managerial and technical personnel. The latter was a distorted labor market that featured strong (36) considerations in allocating and managing labor. Personal and kinship connections, the so-called "petticoat influence," and political (37) were the norm for this type of labor allocation pattern. In a way, it was midway between a rather crude market-oriented labor allocation pattern and the centuries-old, warm, family-based traditional labor allocation pattern. It covered a very small but important portion of the Chinese labor force, and thus (38) our attention. Later, it apparently provided the historical precedent (39) state-owned enterprises to allocate their administrative and technical cadres, even its entire industrial labor force, (40) state employees.

A.reform-mind
B.reform-minded
C.reformed-mind
D.reforming-mind

18.Besides active foreign enterprises and a (31) number of private employers, a consequential new development was the development of employment in state-owned enterprises (guanying or guanshang ). Started by some (32) Qing officials, the yangwupai, in the late nineteenth century, sizable state-owned enterprises developed primarily (33) enhancing China’s national defense. Famous industrial giants of today’s China such as the shipyards in Shanghai and heavy industries in cities like Wuhan, Nanjing, and Chongqing were built by the Qing or the Republic governments. Some of them later began to (34) considerable private investment. After World War Ⅱ, this type of stateowned employment became very important. Labor in those enterprises consisted basically (35) two tiers: a largely market-oriented allocation of blue-collar and some white-collar workers, and a mostly state allocation of most of the white-collar workers including managerial and technical personnel. The latter was a distorted labor market that featured strong (36) considerations in allocating and managing labor. Personal and kinship connections, the so-called "petticoat influence," and political (37) were the norm for this type of labor allocation pattern. In a way, it was midway between a rather crude market-oriented labor allocation pattern and the centuries-old, warm, family-based traditional labor allocation pattern. It covered a very small but important portion of the Chinese labor force, and thus (38) our attention. Later, it apparently provided the historical precedent (39) state-owned enterprises to allocate their administrative and technical cadres, even its entire industrial labor force, (40) state employees.

A.in the purpose of
B.for the purpose of
C.by the purpose of
D.with the purpose of

23.Besides active foreign enterprises and a (31) number of private employers, a consequential new development was the development of employment in state-owned enterprises (guanying or guanshang ). Started by some (32) Qing officials, the yangwupai, in the late nineteenth century, sizable state-owned enterprises developed primarily (33) enhancing China’s national defense. Famous industrial giants of today’s China such as the shipyards in Shanghai and heavy industries in cities like Wuhan, Nanjing, and Chongqing were built by the Qing or the Republic governments. Some of them later began to (34) considerable private investment. After World War Ⅱ, this type of stateowned employment became very important. Labor in those enterprises consisted basically (35) two tiers: a largely market-oriented allocation of blue-collar and some white-collar workers, and a mostly state allocation of most of the white-collar workers including managerial and technical personnel. The latter was a distorted labor market that featured strong (36) considerations in allocating and managing labor. Personal and kinship connections, the so-called "petticoat influence," and political (37) were the norm for this type of labor allocation pattern. In a way, it was midway between a rather crude market-oriented labor allocation pattern and the centuries-old, warm, family-based traditional labor allocation pattern. It covered a very small but important portion of the Chinese labor force, and thus (38) our attention. Later, it apparently provided the historical precedent (39) state-owned enterprises to allocate their administrative and technical cadres, even its entire industrial labor force, (40) state employees.

A.absorb
B.melt
C.receive
D.attain

27.Besides active foreign enterprises and a (31) number of private employers, a consequential new development was the development of employment in state-owned enterprises (guanying or guanshang ). Started by some (32) Qing officials, the yangwupai, in the late nineteenth century, sizable state-owned enterprises developed primarily (33) enhancing China’s national defense. Famous industrial giants of today’s China such as the shipyards in Shanghai and heavy industries in cities like Wuhan, Nanjing, and Chongqing were built by the Qing or the Republic governments. Some of them later began to (34) considerable private investment. After World War Ⅱ, this type of stateowned employment became very important. Labor in those enterprises consisted basically (35) two tiers: a largely market-oriented allocation of blue-collar and some white-collar workers, and a mostly state allocation of most of the white-collar workers including managerial and technical personnel. The latter was a distorted labor market that featured strong (36) considerations in allocating and managing labor. Personal and kinship connections, the so-called "petticoat influence," and political (37) were the norm for this type of labor allocation pattern. In a way, it was midway between a rather crude market-oriented labor allocation pattern and the centuries-old, warm, family-based traditional labor allocation pattern. It covered a very small but important portion of the Chinese labor force, and thus (38) our attention. Later, it apparently provided the historical precedent (39) state-owned enterprises to allocate their administrative and technical cadres, even its entire industrial labor force, (40) state employees.

A.on
B.in
C.of
D.as

28.Besides active foreign enterprises and a (31) number of private employers, a consequential new development was the development of employment in state-owned enterprises (guanying or guanshang ). Started by some (32) Qing officials, the yangwupai, in the late nineteenth century, sizable state-owned enterprises developed primarily (33) enhancing China’s national defense. Famous industrial giants of today’s China such as the shipyards in Shanghai and heavy industries in cities like Wuhan, Nanjing, and Chongqing were built by the Qing or the Republic governments. Some of them later began to (34) considerable private investment. After World War Ⅱ, this type of stateowned employment became very important. Labor in those enterprises consisted basically (35) two tiers: a largely market-oriented allocation of blue-collar and some white-collar workers, and a mostly state allocation of most of the white-collar workers including managerial and technical personnel. The latter was a distorted labor market that featured strong (36) considerations in allocating and managing labor. Personal and kinship connections, the so-called "petticoat influence," and political (37) were the norm for this type of labor allocation pattern. In a way, it was midway between a rather crude market-oriented labor allocation pattern and the centuries-old, warm, family-based traditional labor allocation pattern. It covered a very small but important portion of the Chinese labor force, and thus (38) our attention. Later, it apparently provided the historical precedent (39) state-owned enterprises to allocate their administrative and technical cadres, even its entire industrial labor force, (40) state employees.

A.noneconomical
B.ineconomic
C.noneconomic
D.ineconomical

29.Besides active foreign enterprises and a (31) number of private employers, a consequential new development was the development of employment in state-owned enterprises (guanying or guanshang ). Started by some (32) Qing officials, the yangwupai, in the late nineteenth century, sizable state-owned enterprises developed primarily (33) enhancing China’s national defense. Famous industrial giants of today’s China such as the shipyards in Shanghai and heavy industries in cities like Wuhan, Nanjing, and Chongqing were built by the Qing or the Republic governments. Some of them later began to (34) considerable private investment. After World War Ⅱ, this type of stateowned employment became very important. Labor in those enterprises consisted basically (35) two tiers: a largely market-oriented allocation of blue-collar and some white-collar workers, and a mostly state allocation of most of the white-collar workers including managerial and technical personnel. The latter was a distorted labor market that featured strong (36) considerations in allocating and managing labor. Personal and kinship connections, the so-called "petticoat influence," and political (37) were the norm for this type of labor allocation pattern. In a way, it was midway between a rather crude market-oriented labor allocation pattern and the centuries-old, warm, family-based traditional labor allocation pattern. It covered a very small but important portion of the Chinese labor force, and thus (38) our attention. Later, it apparently provided the historical precedent (39) state-owned enterprises to allocate their administrative and technical cadres, even its entire industrial labor force, (40) state employees.

A.flavor
B.flavoring
C.favored
D.favoritism

30.Besides active foreign enterprises and a (31) number of private employers, a consequential new development was the development of employment in state-owned enterprises (guanying or guanshang ). Started by some (32) Qing officials, the yangwupai, in the late nineteenth century, sizable state-owned enterprises developed primarily (33) enhancing China’s national defense. Famous industrial giants of today’s China such as the shipyards in Shanghai and heavy industries in cities like Wuhan, Nanjing, and Chongqing were built by the Qing or the Republic governments. Some of them later began to (34) considerable private investment. After World War Ⅱ, this type of stateowned employment became very important. Labor in those enterprises consisted basically (35) two tiers: a largely market-oriented allocation of blue-collar and some white-collar workers, and a mostly state allocation of most of the white-collar workers including managerial and technical personnel. The latter was a distorted labor market that featured strong (36) considerations in allocating and managing labor. Personal and kinship connections, the so-called "petticoat influence," and political (37) were the norm for this type of labor allocation pattern. In a way, it was midway between a rather crude market-oriented labor allocation pattern and the centuries-old, warm, family-based traditional labor allocation pattern. It covered a very small but important portion of the Chinese labor force, and thus (38) our attention. Later, it apparently provided the historical precedent (39) state-owned enterprises to allocate their administrative and technical cadres, even its entire industrial labor force, (40) state employees.

A.pays
B.puts
C.deserves
D.devotes

31.Besides active foreign enterprises and a (31) number of private employers, a consequential new development was the development of employment in state-owned enterprises (guanying or guanshang ). Started by some (32) Qing officials, the yangwupai, in the late nineteenth century, sizable state-owned enterprises developed primarily (33) enhancing China’s national defense. Famous industrial giants of today’s China such as the shipyards in Shanghai and heavy industries in cities like Wuhan, Nanjing, and Chongqing were built by the Qing or the Republic governments. Some of them later began to (34) considerable private investment. After World War Ⅱ, this type of stateowned employment became very important. Labor in those enterprises consisted basically (35) two tiers: a largely market-oriented allocation of blue-collar and some white-collar workers, and a mostly state allocation of most of the white-collar workers including managerial and technical personnel. The latter was a distorted labor market that featured strong (36) considerations in allocating and managing labor. Personal and kinship connections, the so-called "petticoat influence," and political (37) were the norm for this type of labor allocation pattern. In a way, it was midway between a rather crude market-oriented labor allocation pattern and the centuries-old, warm, family-based traditional labor allocation pattern. It covered a very small but important portion of the Chinese labor force, and thus (38) our attention. Later, it apparently provided the historical precedent (39) state-owned enterprises to allocate their administrative and technical cadres, even its entire industrial labor force, (40) state employees.

A.for
B.to
C.in
D.on

32.Besides active foreign enterprises and a (31) number of private employers, a consequential new development was the development of employment in state-owned enterprises (guanying or guanshang ). Started by some (32) Qing officials, the yangwupai, in the late nineteenth century, sizable state-owned enterprises developed primarily (33) enhancing China’s national defense. Famous industrial giants of today’s China such as the shipyards in Shanghai and heavy industries in cities like Wuhan, Nanjing, and Chongqing were built by the Qing or the Republic governments. Some of them later began to (34) considerable private investment. After World War Ⅱ, this type of stateowned employment became very important. Labor in those enterprises consisted basically (35) two tiers: a largely market-oriented allocation of blue-collar and some white-collar workers, and a mostly state allocation of most of the white-collar workers including managerial and technical personnel. The latter was a distorted labor market that featured strong (36) considerations in allocating and managing labor. Personal and kinship connections, the so-called "petticoat influence," and political (37) were the norm for this type of labor allocation pattern. In a way, it was midway between a rather crude market-oriented labor allocation pattern and the centuries-old, warm, family-based traditional labor allocation pattern. It covered a very small but important portion of the Chinese labor force, and thus (38) our attention. Later, it apparently provided the historical precedent (39) state-owned enterprises to allocate their administrative and technical cadres, even its entire industrial labor force, (40) state employees.

A.like
B.same
C.being
D.as

38.Questions 26-30 are based on the following advertisement:

Software Systems Specialist

Work Schedule: Full Time
Salary: $62,500-$92,000 *
Location: Washington, DC metropolitan area
*Employees within the organization have opportunities for additional salary advancement to the Expert level. Software Systems Specialists are responsible for the planning, implementation and optimization of a wide variety of leading-edge systems software on Unix and Linux-based enterprise class servers used to meet critical intelligence needs. Team members are actively involved in the deployment of new Unix and Linux operating systems; introduction of new web, portal and JAVA application services, database administration and backup/recovery services, as well as the introduction of new systems. They also engage in server performance analysis and tuning, high capacity planning and assessments of new computing technologies to ensure 24×7×365 availability of these enterprise-class servers to customers across the Agency. Senior team members support to the most Complex server systems and are a resource to other team members on technical issues. They work closely with software engineering and network peers providing leadership in the deployment of new systems and the introduction of new technology into the operational environment. Minimum qualifications include the following: a BS or MS in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, Computer Information Systems and/or a closely related degree. A GPA of at least 3.0 on a 4.0 scale is also required.
The position may bring the employee an annual income of the following EXCEPT______.

A.$62,500
B.$92,000
C.less than $62,500
D.more than $92,000

43.Questions 26-30 are based on the following advertisement:

Software Systems Specialist

Work Schedule: Full Time
Salary: $62,500-$92,000 *
Location: Washington, DC metropolitan area
*Employees within the organization have opportunities for additional salary advancement to the Expert level. Software Systems Specialists are responsible for the planning, implementation and optimization of a wide variety of leading-edge systems software on Unix and Linux-based enterprise class servers used to meet critical intelligence needs. Team members are actively involved in the deployment of new Unix and Linux operating systems; introduction of new web, portal and JAVA application services, database administration and backup/recovery services, as well as the introduction of new systems. They also engage in server performance analysis and tuning, high capacity planning and assessments of new computing technologies to ensure 24×7×365 availability of these enterprise-class servers to customers across the Agency. Senior team members support to the most Complex server systems and are a resource to other team members on technical issues. They work closely with software engineering and network peers providing leadership in the deployment of new systems and the introduction of new technology into the operational environment. Minimum qualifications include the following: a BS or MS in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, Computer Information Systems and/or a closely related degree. A GPA of at least 3.0 on a 4.0 scale is also required.
The employed specialist may deal with______.

A.different kinds of software
B.only the software on Unix-based enterprise class servers
C.criticizing software planning
D.marketing leading-edge systems

试卷来源:易哈佛

总分:100分

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