易哈佛 \ 在职攻读硕士联考 \ 2016年天津在职攻读硕士联考考试考前冲刺卷

2016年天津在职攻读硕士联考考试考前冲刺卷

2016年天津在职攻读硕士联考考试考前冲刺卷

  • 本卷共分为1大题50小题,作答时间为180分钟,总分100分,60分及格。
  • 试卷来源:易哈佛

一、单项选择题(共50题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,只有一个最符合题意)

1.

Seven countries signed a treaty binding each of them to perform specified actions on a certain fixed date, with the actions of each conditional on simultaneous action taken by the other countries. Each country was also to notify the six other countries when it had completed its action.The simultaneous-action provision of the treaty leaves open the possibility that()

A. the compliance date was subject to postponement, according to the terms of the treaty
B. one of the countries might not be required to make any changes or take any steps in order to comply with the treaty, whereas all the other countries are so required
C. each country might have a well-founded excuse, based on the provision, for its own lack of compliance
D. the treaty specified that the signal for one of the countries to initiate action was notification by the other countries that they had completed action
E.there was ambiguity with respect to the date after which all actions contemplated in the treaty are to be complete

2.

The number of people 85 or older in the United States started increasing dramatically during the last ten years. The good health care that these people enjoyed in the United States during their vulnerable childhood years is primarily responsible for this trend.Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the explanation above()

A.Seventy-five percent of the people in the United States who are 85 or older are the children of people who themselves lived leas than 65 years
B. The people in the United States who are now 85 represent an age group that was smaller in numbers at birth than the immediately preceding and succeeding age groups
C.Thirty-five percent of the people in the United States who are 85 or older require some form of twenty-fourhour nursing care
D. Many of the people in the United States who are 85 or older immigrated to the United States when they were 20 years old or older
E. Because of decreased federal funding for medical care for pregnant mothers and for children, the life expectancy of United States citizens is likely to decrease

3.

"This company will not be training any more pilots in the foreseeable future, since we have 400 trained pilots on our waiting list who are seeking employment. The other five major companies each have roughly the same number of trained pilots on their waiting lists, and since the projected requirement of each company is for not many more than 100 additional pilots, there will be no shortage of personnel despite the current upswing in the aviation industry. "Which one of the following, if true, casts the most doubt on the accuracy of the above conclusion()

A. Most of the trained pilots who are on a waiting list for a job are on the waiting lists of all the major companies
B. In the long run, pilot training will become necessary to compensate for ordinary attrition
C.If no new pilots are trained, there will be an age imbalance in the pilot work force
D. The quoted personnel projections take account of the current upswing in the aviation industry
E.Some of the other major companies are still training pilots but with no presumption of subsequent employment

4.

The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above()

A. Studies have shown that an increase in a city’s police force does not necessarily reduce crime
B. When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions
C. If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year
D. In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms
E. Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime

5.

Houses built during the last ten years have been found to contain indoor air pollution at levels that are, on average, much higher than the levels found in older houses. The reason air-pollution levels are higher in the newer houses is that many such houses are built near the sites of old waste dumps or where automobile emissions are heavy.Which of the following, if true, calls into question the explanation above()

A. Many new houses are built with air-filtration systems that remove from the house pollutants that are generated indoors
B. The easing of standards for smokestack emissions has led to an increase in air-pollution levels in homes
C. New houses built in secluded rural areas are relatively free of air pollutants
D.Warm-weather conditions tend to slow down the movement of air, thus keeping pollution trapped near its source
E.Pressboard, an inexpensive new plywood substitute now often used in the construction of houses, emits the pollutant formaldehyde into the house

6.

As a promotional experiment, Omega Company distributed four million catalogs. In one of the two versions of the catalog, the description of each item for sate mentioned a "Made by Hand" label. The number of purchases from consumers receiving that catalog was twenty percent greater than the number of purchases from consumers receiving a catalog that did not mention the label. Thus, the mention of the label stimulated sales.Which of the following, if true, could best be used to challenge the conclusion drawn above()

A.Consumers receiving the catalog mentioning the label had previously purchased items from Omega Company by mail but consumers receiving the other catalog had not
B. Surveys showed that consumers returned purchased items to Omega Company during the promotional campaign at the same rate regardless of which catalog they received
C. The number of purchases from Omega Company declined substantially after the promotional campaign was completed
D. Omega Company mailed three times as many catalogs that did not mention the "Made by Hand" label as catalogs that did mention the label
E.Omega Company sold twenty percent fewer items during the year of the promotional campaign than it had during the previous year

7.

Radioactive radon gas emanating from rock such as granite puts inhabitants of houses built on such rock at greater risk of lung cancer the longer the inhabitants are exposed. Protective steps should be taken if radon measurements exceed 4 picocuries per liter; this recommendation is based on 70 years of occupancy by any one person.If a 65-year-old homeowner concludes from the information above that radon testing for the new home she has purchased will not be necessary, then each of the following, if true, weakens the homeowner’s argument EXCEPT()

A. Houses in which the homeowner previously lived were in an area where elevated radon levels have been found
B. Houses near the homeowner’s new home have radon levels much higher than the 4 picocuries per liter threshold, levels that require immediate action to reduce exposure to any occupants
C. The homeowner’s granddaughter, who is eventually to inherit the new house, now lives there with her children
D. The homeowner smokes cigarettes, and smoking increases the radon-exposure risks over those given in the information
E.The strata underlying the homeowner’s new home are known to be of rock different from the kinds from which radon emanates

8.

In several nineteenth-century paintings the marble buildings of the Acropolis in Athens are portrayed as being reddish, but the buildings do not now appear reddish. The marble’s natural color cannot have changed since the nineteenth century, so the paintings must not be showing the color of the buildings as they actually appeared.Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the argument above()

A. The Acropolis can be clearly seen from virtually any location within the city of Athens
B.Tiny plants called lichens living on marble can cause the marble to appear reddish
C.Many nineteenth-century artists strove for tree-to-life accuracy in every detail of their paintings
D. Some types of marble are naturally reddish, whereas other types are greenish or white
E. Not all nineteenth-century paintings of the Acropolis show the marble buildings as being reddish

9.

Persons imprisoned for violent street crimes often commit the same crimes again after being released. Persons imprisoned for white-collar crimes such as receiving bribes or embezzlement, however, typically do not, after being released, repeat the crimes for which they have been imprisoned. It is fair to conclude that imprisonment, while it often fails to change the behavior of violent street criminals, does succeed in making white-collar criminals unwilling to repeat their crimes.Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion stated above()

A.Statistics show that persons convicted of committing white-collar crimes rarely have a prison record
B. The percentage of those who commit white-collar crimes and are imprisoned for doing so is lower than the percentage of those who commit violent street crimes and are imprisoned for doing so
C. White-collar criminals whose prison sentences are shortened return to criminal activities at a slightly higher rate than white-collar criminals who serve their full sentences
D. Persons released from prison after white-collar crimes are seldom given high positions or access to other people’s money
E.Persons who commit violent street crimes seldom commit white-collar crimes, and vice versa

10.

The large amounts of carbon dioxide now being released into the atmosphere by the burning of fossil fuels will not, in fact, result in a greenhouse effectan increase in average global temperatures. Since plants use carbon dioxide in larger quantities if the supply is increased, they are able to grow larger and multiply more vigorously, and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations will eventually become stable.Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion that a greenhouse effect will not result from the current release of large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere()

A. The expected rise in average global temperatures has not yet been observed
B. Ocean waters absorb carbon dioxide at a greater rate when the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide is higher
C. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, increased atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide have resulted in improved agricultural productivity
D. When plants decay, they produce methane, another gas that can have a marked greenhouse effect
E. The fact that carbon dioxide levels have risen and fallen many times in the Earth’s history suggests that there is some biological process that can reverse the greenhouse effect

11.

According to a 1980 survey, ten percent of all United States citizens over the age of sixteen are functionally illiterate. Therefore, if the projection that there will be 250 million United States citizens over sixteen in the year 2000 is correct, we project that 25 million of these citizens will be functionally illiterate.Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the conclusion drawn by the author of the passage above()

A.The percentage of high school graduates who do not go on to college has grown steadily over the past two decades
B.From 1975 to 1980 there was a three-percent decrease in the rate of functional illiteracy among United States citizens over the age of sixteen
C. Many United States citizens included in the 1980 survey would also be included in a survey conducted in the year 2000
D. Surveys that are improperly designed usually provide inaccurate results
E.In 1980 sixty five percent of all United States citizens were over the age of sixteen

12.

A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Therefore, the citizens of Town S are better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT()

A. Town S has a larger population than Town T
B. Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there
C. The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T
D. A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S
E.The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S is lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T

14.

Scientists now believe that artificial-hip implants, previously thought to be safe, may actually increase the risk of cancer in recipients after about 45 years of use. Though these implants do improve the quality of recipients’ lives, the increased risk of cancer is an unacceptable price to pay for these improvements. Therefore, they should be banned.Which of the following, if true, is the strongest counterargument to the argument above()

A.Artificial-hip implant surgery can cause severe complications, such as infection, chronic fever, and bone degeneration, and these complications can themselves be crippling or even fatal
B.Almost all artificial-hip implant recipients receive their implants at an age when they are unlikely to live more than an additional 30 years
C. Although artificial-hip implants increase the risk of cancer after about 45 years of use, a few of the cancers they induce are not fatal
D.Since artificial-hip implants are not very common, banning them would cause little hardship
E. Although the benefits of artificial-hip implant surgery have remained substantially the same over the past decade, the price of the surgery has risen considerably

15.

Tocqueville, a nineteenth-century writer known for his study of democracy in the United States, believed that a government that centralizes power in one individual or institution is dangerous to its citizens. Biographers claim that Tocqueville disliked-centralized government because he blamed Napoleon’s rule for the poverty of his childhood in Normandy.Which of the following, if true, would cast the most serious doubt on the biographers’ claim()

A. Although Napoleon was popularly blamed at the time for the terrible living conditions in Normandy, historians now know that bad harvests were really to blame for the poor economic conditions
B. Napoleon was notorious for refusing to share power with any of his political associates
C. Tocqueville said he knew that if his father had not suffered ill health, his family would have had a steady income and a comfortable standard of living
D.Although Tocqueville asserted that United States political life was democratic, the United States of the nineteenth century allowed political power to be concentrated in a few institutions
E.Tocqueville once wrote in a letter that, although his childhood was terribly impoverished, it was not different from the experience of his friends and neighbors in Normandy

16.

Nuclear fusion is a process whereby the nuclei of atoms are joined, or "fused," and in which energy is released. One of the by-products of fusion is helium-4 gas. A recent fusion experiment was conducted using "heavy" water contained in a sealed flask. The flask was, in turn, contained in an air-filled chamber designed to eliminate extraneous vibration. After the experiment, a measurable amount of helium-4 gas was found in the air of the chamber. The experimenters cited this evidence in support of their conclusion that fusion had been achieved.Which one of the following, if tree, would cast doubt on the experimenters’ conclusion()

A.Helium 4 was not the only gas found in the experiment chamber
B. When fusion is achieved, it normally produces several byproducts, including tritium and gamma rays
C. The amount of helium 4 found in the chamber’s air did not exceed the amount of helium 4 that is found in ordinary air
D. Helium 4 gas rapidly breaks down, forming ordinary helium gas after a few hours
E. Nuclear fusion reactions are characterized by the release of large amounts of heat

17.

Grazing livestock on public land in the western United States is not causing widespread environmental damage in the region, since if it were, the condition of that land would not be improving. However, only 14 percent of public land in the area today is considered to have inadequate vegetation cover and, therefore, to be in poor condition, while in the 1930’s, 36 percent had inadequate vegetation cover.Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above()

A.In the western United States, private land is typically more lush than public land, and cattle that graze on private land can be fattened more quickly
B.Since the 1930’s, recreational users of public land in the western United States have caused more environmental damage than have the cattle grazing there
C.During the 1930’s, an unusually destructive drought prevailed throughout the region where most public lands in the western United States are located
D.Ranchers who use public land in the western United States pay only a fraction of what is paid by those who lease comparable private land for grazing
E. The amount of land purchased by the United States government since the 1930’s is relatively insignificant

18.

Extraordinarily few people have the ability to be successful commodity traders. So rather than limit the number of people they hire, trading firms aim to hire all those applicants who are able to be successful and to reject the rest. By this standard Quinsey-Leerheim’s record is perfect. All of its entry-level hirees over the past decade have become successful commodity traders.Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the assessment given above of Quinsey-Leerheim’s hiring performance()

A. Over the past decade, Quinsey-Leerheim’s trading practices and policies have changed in a way that gives much more responsibility to individual traders
B.Since the pool of entry-level applicants is mostly the same for all commodity-trading firms, Quinsey-Leerheim often competes with other trading firms for the strongest applicants
C. Quinsey-Leerheim rejects some entry-level applicants who go on to become extremely successful commodity traders with other trading firms
D.Commodity trading requires skills that are needed in very few other occupations, so that trading firms’ hiring procedures typically differ significantly from those of other financial firms
E. Commodity trading is very stressful, and even successful commodity traders rarely work as traders for longer than ten years, although they often earn substantial sums in those years

19.Noting that the number of crimes committed in a certain city had decreased in 1982 by 5.2 percent in comparison with 1981, the police chief of the city said, "We see here the result of the innovative police program put into effect in the city at the beginning of 1982." Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the conclusion drawn by the police chief()

A. Several cities that have recently increased spending for police programs experienced no decrease in crime in 1982, as compared with 198l
B.The number of crimes committed in the city is estimated, by the same method each year, from the number of crimes reported
C. The number of crimes committed in the suburban areas surrounding the city rose by about 5 percent in 1982 over the figure for 1981 and were nearly equal in number to those in the city in 1982
D. The number of crimes committed in the city in 1982 was 10 percent higher than the number committed in 1972
E.The size of the age group most likely to commit crimes decreased considerably in the city in 1982, as against 1981, because of a declining birth rate

20.

Most disposable plastic containers are now labeled with a code number (from 1 to 9) indicating the type or quality of the plastic. Plastics with the lowest code numbers are the easiest for recycling plants to recycle and are thus the most likely to be recycled after use rather than dumped in landfills. Plastics labeled with the highest numbers are only rarely recycled. Consumers can make a significant long-term reduction in the amount of waste that goes unrecycled, therefore, by refusing to purchase those products packaged in plastic containers labeled with the highest code numbers.Which one of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion above()

A. The cost of collecting, sorting, and recycling discarded plastics is currently higher than the cost of manufacturing new plastics from virgin materials
B. Many consumers are unaware of the codes that are stamped on the plastic containers
C. A plastic container almost always has a higher code number after it is recycled than it had before recycling because the recycling process cause a degradation of the quality of the plastic
D. Products packaged in plastics with the lowest code numbers are often more expensive than those packaged in the higher-numbered plastics
E. Communities that collect all discarded plastic containers for potential recycling later dump in landfills plastics with higher-numbered codes only when it is clear that no recycler will take them

21.

A steady decline in annual movie-ticket sales is about to begin. More than half of the tickets sold last year were sold to the age group under twenty-five years of age, representing twenty-seven percent of the population. However, the number of individuals under twenty-five will steadily decline during the next decade.Which of the following, if true, casts most doubt on the prediction above regarding future movie-ticket sales()

A. Medical advances have lowered the mortality rates for those who are forty to sixty years of age
B.Many people gradually lose interest in going to the movies after they reach twenty-five years of age
C. The number of movie theaters has been increasing, and this trend is expected to continue during the next ten years
D. Movie-ticket sales tend to increase as the size of the work force increases, and the size of the work force will increase annually during the next decade
E.Experts agree that people under twenty-five years of age will continue to account for more than half of the total number of tickets sold in each of the next ten years

22.

Until recently experts believed that environment, not genetics, largely determines human personality. A new study, however, has shown that there is more similarity in personality between identical twins raised together than between nonidentical twins raised together. The study concluded that genetics, therefore, does play an important role in determining personality.Which of the following, if found to be tree, would cast the most doubt on the study’s conclusion()

A. Identical twins raised separately in different adoptive families are usually more similar in personality than are nonidentical twins raised separately in different adoptive families
B.No matter how twins behave, parents treat identical twins in ways that tend to elicit similar personality traits but do not treat nonidentical twins in such ways
C.Parents of both identical and nonidentical twins have long claimed that their children, from early infanthood, had definite and well-established personality traits
D.Birth parents and their identical twin children tend to become more similar to each other in personality over time, but adoptive parents and their identical twin children do not
E.Neither identical nor nonidentical twins are likely to display drastic changes in their individual personalities as they grow up

23.

The 1988 drought in North America was probably caused by shifts in the temperature patterns of large equatorial stretches of the Pacific Ocean. The drought, therefore, is not evidence for the hypothesis that a long-term global warming trend, allegedly caused by atmospheric pollutants such as carbon dioxide, is occurring.Which of the following, if true, constitutes the best criticism of the argument above()

A. Most pre-1988 droughts for which we have records were preceded by shifts in temperature patterns in the Pacific Ocean
B. There has been no warming trend in the United States. over the last 100 years
C. The consequences of global warming occur long after the actual emission of pollutants into the atmosphere
D. Emissions of carbon dioxide gas into the atmosphere increased in 1988
E. A global warming trend could cause increases in the frequency and severity of shifts in temperature patterns in the Pacific Ocean

24.

John: I have tried several different types of psychotherapy at various times in my life: three kinds of "talk" therapy (Freudian, Rogerian, and cognitive) and also behavior therapy. Since the periods when I was in therapy were the least happy times of my life, I have concluded that psychotherapy cannot work for me.Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken John’s conclusion()

A.Behavior therapy is designed to address different problems from those addressed by "talk" therapies
B. The techniques used in behavior therapy are quite different from those used in "talk" therapies
C. People who try several different types of psychotherapy tend to be happier than people who try only one type of psychotherapy
D.People who try several different types of psychotherapy are more likely to find one that works for them than are people who try only one type of psychotherapy
E.People undergoing psychotherapy that ultimately works are often unhappy while they are in therapy

25.

It was long thought that a now-rare disease of the joints, alkaptonuria, was epidemic in Egypt 2,500 years ago. Evidence came from the high proportion of mummies from that period showing symptoms of the disease. Recently, however, chemical analyses of skeletons have led scientists to propose that the joint damage was actually caused by chemicals used by Egyptian embalmers.Which of the following, if true, would additionally weaken the traditional view that alkaptonuria afflicted many Egyptians 2,500 years ago()

A. X-rays of the mummies showed shadows that clearly suggested joint damage, and recent inspection of the skeletons has confirmed that hypothesis
(B) Although alkaptonuria is a disease that can be inherited, it did not appear in the descendants of the Egyptian population in which the symptoms were found
C.Egyptian embalming methods were highly secret, and scientists are still not certain of the nature of some of the chemicals that were used
D. Possible evidence of alkaptonuria has been pointed out in pictures representing the human figure found on artifacts left by other Middle Eastern cultures of that period
E. Some mummies of that period show no evidence of joint damage at all

26.

It is impossible to believe scientific predictions that a long "nuclear winter" would envelop the Earth as a result of nuclear war. Atmospheric scientists and weather experts cannot reliably and accurately predict tomorrow’s weather. Yet the effect of nuclear explosions on local and worldwide atmospheric conditions must follow the same laws that control everyday weather changes. If the weather cannot be predicted with present knowledge, neither can a nuclear-winter scenario.Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument made above that if scientists cannot reliably predict the daily weather, their predictions of a "nuclear winter" cannot be believed()

A. The scientific theory of a nuclear winter uses data that is available to those who forecast the daily weather
B.Scientists’ predictions about a nuclear winter are necessarily speculative, since they cannot be verified by harmless experimentation
C. Weather forecasters usually do not insist that their predictions are infallible
D.Scientific predictions of catastrophic natural events such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes usually have less reliability than everyday weather predictions
E.The scientific theory of a nuclear winter is concerned with drastic climatic changes rather than day-to-day fluctuations in the weather

27.

In the United States in 1986, the average rate of violent crime in states with strict gun-control laws was 645 crimes per 100,000 persons—about 50 percent higher than the average rate in the eleven states where strict gun-control laws have never been passed. Thus one way to reduce violent crime is to repeal strict gun control laws.Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument above()

A. The annual rate of violent crime in states with strict guncontrol laws has decreased since the passage of those laws
B. In states with strict gun-control laws, few individuals are prosecuted for violating such laws
C.In states without strict gun-control laws, many individuals have had no formal training in the use of firearms
D. The annual rate of nonviolent crime is lower in states with strict gun-control laws than in states without such laws
E. Less than half of the individuals who reside in states without strict gun-control laws own a gun

28.

The ratio of divorces to marriages has increased since 1940. Therefore, there must be a greater proportion of children living with only one natural parent than there was in 1940.Which of the following, if true, most strongly weakens the inference drawn above()

A.The number of marriages entered into by women twentyfive to thirty-five years old has decreased since 1940
B. When there is a divorce, children are often given the option of deciding which parent they will live with
C. Since 1940 the average number of children in a family has remained approximately steady and has not been subject to wide fluctuations
D.Before 1940 relatively few children whose parents had both died were adopted into single-parent families
E. The proportion of children who must be raised by one parent because the other has died has decreased since 1940 as a result of medical advances

29.

A worldwide ban on the production of certain ozone-destroying chemicals would provide only an illusion of protection. Quantities of such chemicals, already produced, exist as coolants in millions of refrigerators. When they reach the ozone layer in the atmosphere, their action cannot be halted. So there is no way to prevent these chemicals from damaging the ozone layer further.Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above()

A. It is impossible to measure with accuracy the quantity of ozone-destroying chemicals that exist as coolants in refrigerators
B. In modem societies, refrigeration of food is necessary to prevent unhealthy and potentially life-threatening conditions
C.Replacement chemicals that will not destroy ozone have not yet been developed and would be more expensive than the chemicals now used as coolants in refrigerators
D. Even if people should give up the use of refrigeration, the coolants already in existing refrigerators are a threat to atmospheric ozone
E. The coolants in refrigerators can be fully recovered at the end of the useful life of the refrigerators and reused

30.

In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:()

A.Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States
B. Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers
C. Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market
D.Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe
E. States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents

31.

Grammarians have for years condemned as ungrammatical the English phrase "between you and I," insisting that the correct phrasing is "between you and me," with the objective case after a preposition. Such condemnations, however, are obviously unfounded, because Shakespeare himself, in The Merchant of Venice, wrote, "All debts are cleared between you and I."Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above()

A. In his plays, Shakespeare intentionally had some of his characters use phrases he considered ungrammatical
B. The phrase "between you and I" appears infrequently in Shakespeare’s writings
C.The more modern an English word or phrase, the less likely that modem grammarians will consider it acceptable for formal usage
D. Many modern speakers of English sometimes say "between you and I" and sometimes say "between you and me."
E. Most native speakers of English who choose to say "between you and I" do so because they know that Shakespeare used that phrase

32.

Geographers and historians have traditionally held the view that Antarctica was first sighted around 1820, but some sixteenth-century European maps show a body that resembles the polar landmass, even though explorers of the period never saw it. Some scholars, therefore, argue that the continent must have been discovered and mapped by the ancients, whose maps are known to have served as models for the European cartographers.Which of the following, if true, is most damaging to the inference drawn by the scholars()

A. The question of who first sighted Antarctica in modern times is still much debated, and no one has been able to present conclusive evidence
B. Between 3,000 and 9,000 years ago, the world was warmer than it is now, and the polar landmass was presumably smaller
C.There are only a few sixteenth-century global maps that show a continental landmass at the South Pole
D. Most attributions of surprising accomplishments to ancient civilizations or even extraterrestrials are eventually discredited or rejected as preposterous
E. Ancient philosophers believed that there had to be a large landmass at the South Pole to balance the northern continents and make the world symmetrical

34.

Bookkeeper Wanted

Job type Temp
Full time/Part time Full-Time
Diploma/Degree required Associates
Job description/qualifications Adecco is looking for Bookkeepers to work for top companies. These are long-term temporary positions with the possibility of temp to hire. Job responsibilities include processing accounts payable and accounts receivable. Prepare and post monthly and yearly journal entries. Process payroll, and some light administrative work. Qualifications: Three years experience Excellent communication skills Solid organizational skills Strong analytical and problem-solving skills Microsoft Excel Quickbooks Adecco is a global leader in employment and HR service, connecting people to jobs and jobs to people through its network of more than 6,000 offices in 71 countries/territories around the world. Our temporary and full-time assignments offer competitive pay and excellent benefits. Adecco is an equal oppommity employer.
Salary/Pay rate Please contact us for more information.
Contact Information Adecco San Mateo Branch 1065 E. Hillsdale Blvd. Foster City, CA 94404 Phone: 650-350-1308 E-mail: sanmateo @ adeccona.com
What is the advertised job

A.To keep money for top companies.
B.To keep books for top companies.
C.To deal with accounts for top companies.
D.To deal with personal affairs for top companies.

37.The growth of population during the past few centuries is no proof that population will continue to grow straight upward toward infinity and doom. On the contrary, demographic history offers evidence that population growth has not been at all constant. According to paleo-ecologist Edward Deevey, the past million years show three momentous changes. The first, a rapid increase in population around one million B. C. , followed the innovations of tool-making and tool-using. But when the new power from the use of tools had been exploited, the rate of world population growth fell and became almost stable. The next rapid jump in population started perhaps 10,000 years ago, when men began to keep herds, plow and plant the earth. Once again when initial productivity gains had been absorbed, the rate of population growth abated. These two episodes suggest that the third great change, the present rapid growth, which began in the West between 250 and 350 years ago, may also slow down when, or if technology begins to yield fewer innovations. Of course, the current knowledge revolution may continue without foreseeable end. Either way contrary to popular belief in constant geometric growth-- population can be expected in the long run to adjust to productivity. Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage

A.Human population expands at a straight upward trend.
B.Population growth has shown ups and downs in demographic history.
C.Population growth can not be regarded as a social failure.
D.Increase in population is related to productivity.

42.

Bookkeeper Wanted

Job type Temp
Full time/Part time Full-Time
Diploma/Degree required Associates
Job description/qualifications Adecco is looking for Bookkeepers to work for top companies. These are long-term temporary positions with the possibility of temp to hire. Job responsibilities include processing accounts payable and accounts receivable. Prepare and post monthly and yearly journal entries. Process payroll, and some light administrative work. Qualifications: Three years experience Excellent communication skills Solid organizational skills Strong analytical and problem-solving skills Microsoft Excel Quickbooks Adecco is a global leader in employment and HR service, connecting people to jobs and jobs to people through its network of more than 6,000 offices in 71 countries/territories around the world. Our temporary and full-time assignments offer competitive pay and excellent benefits. Adecco is an equal oppommity employer.
Salary/Pay rate Please contact us for more information.
Contact Information Adecco San Mateo Branch 1065 E. Hillsdale Blvd. Foster City, CA 94404 Phone: 650-350-1308 E-mail: sanmateo @ adeccona.com
Which of the following is NOT included in the work of a bookkeeper

A.Posting journal entries.
B.Processing the list of employees’ wages.
C.Managing work.
D.Enrolling new employees.

47.

Bookkeeper Wanted

Job type Temp
Full time/Part time Full-Time
Diploma/Degree required Associates
Job description/qualifications Adecco is looking for Bookkeepers to work for top companies. These are long-term temporary positions with the possibility of temp to hire. Job responsibilities include processing accounts payable and accounts receivable. Prepare and post monthly and yearly journal entries. Process payroll, and some light administrative work. Qualifications: Three years experience Excellent communication skills Solid organizational skills Strong analytical and problem-solving skills Microsoft Excel Quickbooks Adecco is a global leader in employment and HR service, connecting people to jobs and jobs to people through its network of more than 6,000 offices in 71 countries/territories around the world. Our temporary and full-time assignments offer competitive pay and excellent benefits. Adecco is an equal oppommity employer.
Salary/Pay rate Please contact us for more information.
Contact Information Adecco San Mateo Branch 1065 E. Hillsdale Blvd. Foster City, CA 94404 Phone: 650-350-1308 E-mail: sanmateo @ adeccona.com
The qualified applicant should ______.

A.be familiar with use of certain software
B.be familiar with telecommunication
C.be much experienced in life
D.have joined various organizations

48.The growth of population during the past few centuries is no proof that population will continue to grow straight upward toward infinity and doom. On the contrary, demographic history offers evidence that population growth has not been at all constant. According to paleo-ecologist Edward Deevey, the past million years show three momentous changes. The first, a rapid increase in population around one million B. C. , followed the innovations of tool-making and tool-using. But when the new power from the use of tools had been exploited, the rate of world population growth fell and became almost stable. The next rapid jump in population started perhaps 10,000 years ago, when men began to keep herds, plow and plant the earth. Once again when initial productivity gains had been absorbed, the rate of population growth abated. These two episodes suggest that the third great change, the present rapid growth, which began in the West between 250 and 350 years ago, may also slow down when, or if technology begins to yield fewer innovations. Of course, the current knowledge revolution may continue without foreseeable end. Either way contrary to popular belief in constant geometric growth-- population can be expected in the long run to adjust to productivity. What is found to have close relationship with rapid increase in population

A.War between 2 countries.
B.Ways discovered to increase productivity.
C.Migration from a continent to another continent.
D.A new religion beginning to be accepted by peopl

49.The Xinhua bookstore chain, China’s largest official publishing enterprise, has become a surprising flash point for interest among foreign venture capital investors. "We are actively promoting the process of shareholding reform. Every day, we receive lots of offers from domestic and foreign investors interested in getting involved and may pick one or two to do so in the next two to three months," Zhang Yashan, the leading cadre of the head store’s office said. According to a company insider who requested anonymity, several securities firms are overseeing Xinhua bookstore’s reform and the company could list on the domestic stock market once reforms are repotted to the government in May and then completed. The source would not reveal the specific names of the firms involved or details of the reform. "We will stipulate that we must remain the majority shareholder, but we will welcome all kinds of investment, including foreign capital, to establish a shareholding enterprise. We hope the No. 2 shareholder will be a foreign enterprise," the source said. In keeping with its World Trade Organization entry promises, China must allow foreign investment in domestic publication retailers by the end of this year. What can we infer from Zhang Yashan’s Statement in Par

A.2A. We often receive many offers from investors.B. We will soon accept one or two offers in the next sixty days.C. Security firms are more interested in Xinhua bookstore than other firms.D. Foreign investment is welcomed by Chinese government.

试卷来源:易哈佛

总分:100分

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